The CCJ convened its full seven-member bench and unanimously decided that, having already issued a final judgment in these proceedings in 2013, it had no jurisdiction to grant injunctive relief in the absence of a pending appeal before the Court. A law recently passed by the Government of Belize, has made it illegal for any person or entity to seek to enforce the arbitral award against the government, hence the reason no appeal was filed by attorneys for Ashcroft’s interests.
The law was passed with bi-partisan support in the House of Representative a few weeks ago. Prime Minister Dean Barrow passed the law with the intent to secure Belize’s foreign reserves and assets, which US Courts, that ruled in favor of the enforcement, can attach as part of the settlement.
The dispute has its genesis in 2005 when, in order to settle a commercial dispute, BCB and BBL entered into a settlement agreement with the Belize Government. This agreement essentially provided that the two companies would benefit from a tax regime that was specifically created for them without the knowledge or approval of the Belize parliament. The agreement was honored by the Belize Government until 2008 when there was a change in government after general elections.
The new government rejected the agreement and sought to collect the taxes owed by the two companies for the two years under which the agreement was honored. The companies subsequently initiated arbitration proceedings before the London Court of International Arbitration as provided for in the agreement and obtained an Award in their favor.
The companies then sought to enforce the award of the LCIA in Belize. The CCJ declined to permit enforcement of the award on the basis that enforcement would sanction acts that were both unconstitutional and contrary to public policy.
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