Posted: Friday, April 21, 2017. 2:22 pm CST.
According to the Coalition, in December 2015, the Government of Belize announced its intention to ban offshore oil activity along the reef and within World Heritage Sites and within a one kilometre “buffer” area. That would only cover an area of approximately 15% of Belizean waters. Moreover, the scientific basis of the one kilometre buffer has yet to be justified by Belmopan.
“That justification needs to be shared with Belizeans before any attempt is made to legislate given that the distance of approximately a half mile, is by all objective accounts, woefully inadequate. Independent experts who have analyzed the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System have determined that based on the speed of travel of a marine oil spill, a realistic safety buffer would need to be between 88 kilometres (54 miles) to 220 kilometres (136 miles). A ‘compromise’ safety buffer would be 50 kilometres (31 miles). Science declares any buffer less than those distances as futile,” the coalition says.
It states that given the economic importance, biological significance and cultural relevance of the Belize Barrier Reef to Belize and Belizeans through goods and services such as coastal protection, tourism and fishing, all reasonable effort should be implemented to ensure that the sensitive ecosystems that comprise the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (reefs, sea grass beds and mangroves) are safeguarded from the irreparable destruction caused offshore oil. Of note is that UNESCO, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, in its response to the Government of Belize’s strategy to get our World Heritage Sites off the Sites In Danger list, have also stated that the proposed one kilometre buffer needs “revision in order to secure the protection of the property’s Outstanding and Universal Value.”
The Belize Coalition to Save Our Natural Heritage has called on the public to support its call on Belmopan to have meaningful safeguards included in any planned legislation in order to protect the 2 billion-dollar a year resource that is the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System; that legislation must include scientifically based buffers and other safeguards.
“Moreover, any intention to include offshore oil development as part of Belize’s macro-economic strategy should be endorsed by the people of Belize. We therefore restate our call for an official national referendum on the issue of offshore oil, the results of which would guide the Government of Belize’s decisions as it relates to offshore oil,” the release ends.
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